There are several ways to potty train a dog, depending on your preference and living arrangements.
If you live in an apartment or a house with very limited yard, you may choose to paper or pee pad your Yorkie. However, if you live in a house or have easy access to a yard, outdoor training may be your preference. No matter what you choose, remember consistency is the key!
Paper training is often an easy task, especially if the breeder had the Yorkie started the process. Start by placing some type of plastic on an area of flooring. It is important to place the plastic under the paper and above the flooring to stop the smell of urine from permeating the flooring. Change the paper daily as most Yorkie will not want to walk across soiled paper. It may be necessary to leave a small piece of the paper that has been urinated on with the clean paper as a reminder to the puppy that this is where he or she is supposed to go. Many people worry about a male lifting their leg and “marking” areas. However, as a small male puppy will not do that and can be paper trained as well. Remember that Yorkie using the paper may have fecal material and urine on their paws and they may track this through other areas of the house. One way to prevent this problem is to place towels or paper towel around the papered area. Do not use more newspaper or the same type of paper as the toilet area as the puppy will associate the feel and smell of the paper as the right place to relieve his or herself and it will confuse the situation. Remember that Yorkie will learn to associate a flooring or particular area with potty training and will always assume this is a toilet area. It is important if paper training to not leave newspapers around the house, or to keep them up and off the floors and furniture to prevent the puppy from mistakenly believing this is a place to use the bathroom.
Pee pads can also be used in place of paper to train your puppy. There are several advantages to using pee pads. Potty pads can also be used without the need for additional plastic liners to protect the floor. They are great for traveling and for taking the dog to different places where he or she may not be able to get outside when needed. The pads also have odor neutralizing compounds that can help minimize the scent of the waste material, although it will not be completely eliminated.
Yorkies can learn to go outside as well as the alternative forms of potty training, although it is easier on the puppy to focus on one or the other. Use a similar method of calling your puppy to the door to go outside such as bells hung on the door, a certain phrase etc. Allow the puppy time to use the restroom outside and remain outside until the puppy has used the restroom. In the initial stages of potty training, discourage any type of play outside as you want your puppy to associate outside with going potty only.
With any method, you can reward your yorkie for going potty by giving them a small treat. Honey Cheerios work well as they are small and will also help prevent hypoglycemia in your puppy. If your puppy has an accident, take them back to the place immediately where they are supposed to use the restroom but do not spank or yell at the puppy as they will not understand that and could possibly develop a fear of you or the potty training process. It is also helpful to be careful in choosing what area you are going to place the paper or pee pad as it is necessary to keep that in the same area so you do not confuse the puppy. Be sure it is an area they always have quick easy access to. Remember, consistency is key! Although they may have accidents, over time your puppy will learn to use the bathroom in the method and place you choose when given treats and encouragement!